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7-12 Education and Training in Nuclear Waste Management

This paper presents a survey of national and international training and capacity building programs related to high-level radioactive waste management.  The survey was conducted by ITC (School of Underground Waste Storage and Disposal, based in Switzerland) to review the current status of training, economic, environmental, social and ethical aspects of high-level radioactive waste management in the world.  The review draws upon the recent NWMO Discussion Document 1 (“Asking the Right Questions”) in identifying specific areas where training and capacity building may be needed, and includes a review of national and international training and capacity building programs in the following areas specified by the NWMO:

  • legal, administrative and regulatory aspects

  • policy development and institutional oversight

  • public, community and societal participation

  • financing issues and economic analysis

  • development and implementation plans for the long-term high-level radioactive waste management

  • mechanisms for considering alternatives and undertaking research

  • definition and categorization of wastes

  • specific technical methods and related system requirements including storage, reprocessing, disposal, transportation and site selection

  • other aspects.

Among the countries considered are:  Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, China and Russia.  Among the international organizations considered are:  European Union (EU), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), World Nuclear University (WNU).



Author Biography

ITC School of Underground Waste Storage and Disposal

The ITC School of Underground Waste Storage and Disposal is a non-profit Association with broad membership, based in Switzerland.

The aim of the international School is to propagate knowledge to future generations of scientists, engineers and decision-makers who will be involved in managing or evaluating projects aimed at storing or disposing of hazardous wastes in underground facilities.

The School provides both theoretical and practical training and research in all aspects of science, engineering, decision-making and communication concerned with underground waste management and related environmental issues. It is linked directly to active underground experimental facilities, in particular, the Grimsel Test Site. It is able to provide professional training at all levels, ranging from academic courses and modules in association with universities around the world, to summer schools and retreat facilities for think-tanks and policymakers.

The ITC is independent of any sector and provides educational services to industry, regulatory agencies, academia and government bodies. Membership of the association is open to any organization supporting its educational aims. The Association was founded in April 2003 and currently has a membership of more than 40 organisations world-wide that are committed to the objective of ensuring that training facilities are provided for the future.


7-12 Education and Training in Nuclear Waste Management


 Related Links

ITC School of Underground Waste Storage and Disposal






This report does not necessarily reflect the views or position of the Nuclear Waste Management Organization, its directors, officers, employees and agents (the "NWMO") and unless otherwise specifically stated, is made available to the public by the NWMO for information only.  The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s) who are solely responsible for the text and its conclusions as well as the accuracy of any data used in its creation.  The NWMO does not make any warranty, express or implied, or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information disclosed, or represent that the use of any information would not infringe privately owned rights.  Any reference to a specific commercial product, process or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or preference by NWMO.

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