In 2002, the Government of Canada asked the NWMO to study possible approaches for the long-term management of Canada's used nuclear fuel. The study focused on three approaches identified by the government – deep geological disposal, storage at nuclear reactor sites, and above ground centralized storage – as well as a number of other approaches.
In November 2005, we submitted our final report to the Minister of Natural Resources, recommending an approach known as Adaptive Phased Management (APM). The technical end point of APM is the containment and isolation of Canada's used fuel in a deep geological repository. The approach was adopted as Canada’s plan in June 2007.