In June 2007, the Government of Canada selected Adaptive Phased Management (APM) as Canada’s plan for the long-term management of used nuclear fuel. It calls for the centralized containment and isolation of Canada's used fuel in a deep geological repository with an informed and willing host.

The process for selecting a site to host the project was developed collaboratively with Canadians and Aboriginal peoples over a two-year period. The NWMO also engaged specialists. We also received input from our Elders Forum, Municipal Forum, Youth Roundtable, and Advisory Council.

We began in 2008 by initiating a dialogue about important principles and elements that would ensure a fair site selection process. In May 2009, we presented an initial proposal for a siting process that was based on what we had heard in the dialogue. People were invited to consider the proposed process and share their thoughts on whether it is appropriate and what changes, if any, should be made. We incorporated suggested changes before finalizing the site selection process.

The site selection process was finalized in 2010. In May of that year, we proceeded to Step 1: Initiates Process in implementing it by initiating a broad program to provide information, answer questions, and build awareness about Canada's plan and the siting process itself.