The implementation of Adaptive Phased Management (APM) is funded by the major owners of used nuclear fuel in Canada. They are Ontario Power Generation, NB Power, Hydro-Québec, and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. The Nuclear Fuel Waste Act requires these companies to establish independently managed trust funds. The companies make annual deposits to these funds; this will ensure the money needed is available by the time construction begins.
Effectively, this means it is consumers benefiting from the electricity who will, over time, fund the long-term management of the waste that is generated.