The Study

In November 2002, Parliament passed the Nuclear Fuel Waste Act (NFWA). It required the major owners of used nuclear fuel in Canada to establish the NWMO. The initial phase of our mandate was to study approaches for the safe, long-term management of used nuclear fuel, and to recommend a preferred approach to the Government of Canada. The historical information about that process is preserved here in line with our commitment to transparency.


    On November 3, 2005, the Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) concluded the first phase of its mandate by submitting its recommendations to the Minister of Natural Resources Canada.

    After a comprehensive three-year study, engaging specialists and citizens from all walks of life, the NWMO recommended Adaptive Phased Management for the long-term care of Canada’s used nuclear fuel.

    All the specialists and dialogue reports and the analysis supporting the NWMO recommendation are available here for review.

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    Canada's plan

    Selecting Canada's plan
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    Selecting Canada's plan

    Planning for the Study